Classification

Impairments can vary and so too the level of climbing amongst athletes. To ensure a fair competition, athletes are classified in order to compete against those with a similar level of impairment. There are currently 10 categories under 3 wider classes in Paraclimbing:

  • Visual impairment (B1, B2, B3)
  • Amputee (AL1, AL2, AU1, AU2)
  • Limited range, power or stability (RP1, RP2, RP3)

Higher numbers equal higher functionality (less impairment), with lower numbers meaning lower functionality (more impairment). Routesetting must be specific for each category.

Classification Category Impairment Body Part Level of Impairment
VISUAL B1 VISUAL BOTH EYES Blind competitors
B2 BOTH EYES Competitors having a visual acuity of up to 2/60 and/or a visual field of less than 5%
B3 BOTH EYES Competitors having a visual acuity between 2/60 and 6/60 and/or a visual field between 5% and 20%
         
AMPUTEE AL1 (SEATING) LOSS OF LIMB OR LIMB DEFICIENCY 2 LEGS Full (no hip, no joint) or combination of any
AL2 1 LEG Full, leg hip joint, tibia
AU1 (ARM AMPUTEE) 2 OR 1 ARM
  • 2 arms: full or combination of any
  • 1 arm: full (no shoulder, no joint or amputation of shoulder joint)
AU2 (FOREARM AMPUTEE) 1 ARM
  • No forearm
  • No hand (wrist joint existing)
  • All fingers (included thumb and no finger joint)
         
LIMITED RANGE, POWER OR STABILITY: LRP

(Former Neuro and Physiological Disabilities)
RP1 HYPERTONIA ALL Permanent spasticity through flexion or extension
IMPAIRED MUSCLE POWER
  • Spasticity or severe athetosistic movement from 4 limbs
  • Moderate to severe trouble of tonus in 4 limbs
ATAXIA Very weak strength and/or severe control problem of upper or torso limbs
RP2 IMPAIRED PASSIVE RANGE OF MOVEMENT
  • SHOULDER
  • JUNCTION BETWEEN SHOULDER AND ELBOW
  • TORSO (TRUNK)
Any
HYPERTONIA ALL Considerable increase of muscular tonus
IMPAIRED MUSCLE POWER
  • Trouble of tonus on 2 to 4 limbs
  • Moderate to severe trouble of tonus in 2 lower limbs
  • Severe troubles of lower limbs creating walking difficulties
ATHETOSIS
  • Limited strength and/or moderate control problem of upper or torso limbs
  • Correct functional value and negligible control problem of upper or torso limbs
RP3 IMPAIRED PASSIVE RANGE OF MOVEMENT
  • ELBOW
  • JUNCTION BETWEEN ELBOW AND WRIST
  • WRIST
  • WAIST
  • JUNCTION BETWEEN WAIST AND KNEE
  • KNEE
  • JUNCTION BETWEEN KNEE AND ANKLE
Any
HYPERTONIA ALL Moderate increase but easily noticeable
IMPAIRED MUSCLE POWER
  • Moderate to severe control problem in 4 limbs and torso with coordination difficulty when running
  • Negligible to moderate trouble of tonus in 4 limbs
  • Negligible to moderate trouble of tonus of hemicorp
  • Minimal hemiplegia or quadriplegia impact leaving possibility to run without asymmetry
ATHETOSIS
  • Increase of tonus trouble in one or all lower limbs creating asymmetry

How are athletes classified?

Prior to an official IFSC Paraclimbing event, medical examinations are held for new athletes. During an examination, athletes shall present their medical documentation and undergo medical checks in order to determine in which category they should be placed.

MERGING

A minimum number of athletes are needed to allow a category to compete:

  • World Cup categories require a minumum of 5 athletes from 3 different countries.
  • World Championship categories require a minimum of 6 athletes from 4 different countries.

If the number of competitors registered for a category is lower than the minimum required, categories may be merged as per the following diagram.

How can i compete?

Contact your National Federation for more information.

Ineligible impairments:

  • Athletes with a visual field of more than 20% and/or a visual acuity of more than 6/60
  • Deaf or hearing impaired persons
  • Those who have had an organ transplant
  • Intellectually impaired athletes (International events - criteria may differ for national events)

In the current IFSC Rules, most categories do not offer precise criteria for minimum disability. 

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